Carved over millions of years by the erosive activity of a river over geologic timescales, canyons, or gorges, are without doubt some of the world’s most impressive natural formations. The cliffs form because the hard rocks are resistant to erosion and weathering, and remain exposed on the valley walls. With extreme landscapes and breathtaking views, canyons have always stolen and captivated the curiosity of mankind. Offering some of the most dramatic and majestic landscapes in the world, canyons also hide beauty underneath the ground. Without further ado, here are three of the most spectacular canyons in the Americas.
Colca Canyon, Southern Peru.
Colca Canyon is situated between towering peeks in the Andes of Southern Peru and is one of South America’s most impressive natural wonders. The canyon is more than 16,000 feet above sea level and it reaches depths of more than 13,650 feet. Although it is not as popular as its North American counterpart Grand Canyon, Colca Canyon has been home to villages for thousands of years and is one of the best places in the world to catch a glimpse of the Andean Condor, the world’s largest flying bird.
The Grand Canyon, United States.
Probably the most popular canyon in the world, the Grand Canyon was carved over several million years by the Colorado River and is over a mile deep and more than 270 miles long. Even though is not the longest nor the deepest canyon in the Americas, the majesty of the Grand Canyon comes from its sheer immensity and the lively coloration that exposes visitors to spectacular views like nowhere else on Earth. The canyon is highly visited but that doesn’t mean there isn’t enough space for those rugged adventurers who seek to escape the crowds. Falls like the Havasu Falls are very impressive and a great place to meet Native Americans who have inhabited the area for centuries.
Copper Canyon, Northern Mexico.
Also known as Barranco del Cobre, Copper Canyon is in fact a group of six gorges that collectively form a gigantic canyon that is both deeper and larger than the Grand Canyon. Situated in Mexico’s remote Chihuahuan desert, Copper Canyon begins in the high Sierra Madres and spread its way towards the Sea of Cortez. The best way to explore Copper Canyon is to catch a ride on the Ferrocarril Chihuahua al Pacífico train, or Chepe, a 405-mile journey that takes passengers through 85 tunnels and across 37 bridges.