Carcassonne represents one of the biggest treasures of France. Taking a closer look you will see one of the most enchanting, interesting and well-kept fortress in the world. With its unique history and its unsuspected touristic objectives, it remains one of the few places that a culture lover has to see in a lifetime.
According to the local legends, the city has its name from Carcass, the name of a young lady from the citadel that is said to have once saved the city from a long siege of the French people. The fortress in time became the main military objective from the area, as he who ruled Carcassonne, controlled without any problem the surroundings due to the strategically position on which the settlement had been built. It became famous through history due to its crucial role in the bloody catholic repression that ended with the extermination of the local people which was not catholic.
The fortress was completely restored in 1853 by the Eugene Viollet – le – Duc architect. In 1997 it was included on the list of World Heritage Sites of UNESCO. Nowadays, administratively it is quadrated in the Aude department. From a touristic point of view it is very crowded in the summer months, therefore, during spring or autumn time, it is more indicated to visit its ruins.
The fortified town was built after a concentrically plan, having two big exterior walls, which have 53 towers. Having arrived here one can admire as well the remains of the defensive wall raised by the Romans. Nowadays it is arranged as a museum where one can see the creepy instruments sued for torture. A local attraction is the medieval fights, which are daily organized inside the walls of the citadel. The access costs 10 euros.
One can as well see the Marengo Bridge, which crosses the Canal du Midi that represents the only access point to the railway road. Besides these there are other touristic objectives to see, such as the Saint Naizaire Basilica and the Saint Celeste Basilica as well as the Saint Vincent Basilica.