Situated in northwestern Ethiopia north of Lake Tana, the source of the Blue Nile, Gondar emerged during the 17th century as part of the Abyssinian Empire. It was the capital of Ethiopia from 1635 to 1867. There are some other capitals in every region such as Shewa, which is also an Amharic capital.
Some sources claim Ethiopia to be one of the world’s oldest countries in the world and say it has existed as an independent nation for over 3000 years, except for a brief period from 1936 to 1941, when the Italian fascist, Mussolini, occupied it.
The old imperial palace and castle in Gondar in Ethiopia’s northern highlands dates back to 1636 when Emperor Fusillades made the city Ethiopia’s capital. Surrounded by a 900-m-long wall, the city contains palaces, churches, monasteries and unique public and private buildings marked by Hindu and Arab influences, subsequently transformed by the Baroque style brought to Gondar by the Jesuit missionaries.
The city retains an atmosphere of antique charm mingled with an aura of mystery and violence. An extensive compound, near its center contains the hulking ruins of a group of imposing castles like some African Camelot.
Now the capital of the Amhara region is Bahir Dar. Gondar, Begemder, Gojjam and Lasta were the provinces that existed during the imperial era.However, the history of the capital city of Gondar in mythology goes back much further, as such mythologies could claim.[wp_geo_map]