Machu Picchu is one of the new Seven Wonders of the world. It is a pre-columbian 15th-century Inca site located 2,430 metres above the sea level and It is situated on a mountain ridge above the Urubamba Valley in Peru, which is 80 kilometres northwest of Cusco and through which the Urubamba River flows.
It is well known for the historical meaning and the views that can offer. The ruins of Machu Picchu are divided into two main sections known as the Urban and Agricultural Sectors, divided by a wall. The Agricultural Sector is further subdivided into Upper and Lower sectors, while the Urban Sector is split into East and West sectors, separated by wide plazas.
You can explore fantastically-built palaces, temples and courtyards, as well as the flourishing neighboring hillside. Nearly half a million people come to see this remarkable town every year.
You can visit Machu Picchu on your own, but if you choose to go with one of the Machu Picchu tours, you will often have the chance to experience other nearby attractions, such as the famed Inca Trail. The more extensive Machu Picchu tours can include a stop in the Amazon Rainforest, trips to other ruins, and visits to cities and towns found in and around the Sacred Valley.
Accommodation is low in offers but the few hotels that are here would really make your stay worth the early booking that you have to make, and the money because they are not cheap, but the hostels have very good prices. In Aguas Calientes, aka Machu Picchu town you can find a room for 15 soles($5) if you talk to the people that live there to show you the hotels.
Top of the things to do:
-climb to Huavna Picchu, which is restricted to only 400 people per day in two groups of 200;
-visit Winawayna ruins;
-you can visit The Amazonian Jungle;
-the hike to the Sun Gate that gives you a breathtaking view over the Inca Trail;
-Cola de Mono Zipline is down the river from Machu Picchu and it offers an unique site and it has six cables that offer almost two hours of safe and exhilirating fun not far from Machu Picchu. All six cables are over 300 meters long and will propel you above the canopy and the Sacsara river below at speeds of up to 60km per hour. You can reach Cola de Mono from Machu Picchu by train. You will take the train from Machu Picchu to the hydroelectric station were Cola de Mono staff will meet you if you call in advance.
What can you eat?
– One of the popular menu is Cuy, which is a fried whole Guinea Pig
– Jalea is a fried, lightly breaded fish, or seafood dish, which is very popular in Peru
– Anticuchos is a dish that has small pieces of meat first marinated with vinegar and different spices, hen pieces are skewered to sticks
– you will also find e variety of exotic fruits like the Lucuma (subtropical fruit of the Andes), it was the most delicious inca delicacy, today is the most popular ice cream flavor in Peru, the Pepino (sweet pepino), it is extremely sweet and contains 92 percent of water; The Guayabas (Psidium guajava) original from Mexico, it arrive to Peru about 3500 years ago; The Sauintu (passion fruit) originally from the Andes
The Peruvian food is interesting but there are also a few international restaurants that are not expensive.
To get to the foot of Machu Picchu you have to take the train from Cusco to Aguas Calinetes and then a bus that leaves every 10 minutes to reach the mountain. The capital city of Lima has the Jorge Chávez International Airport with frequent flights all over the world. Main airlines are American Airlines, Delta, Lan, Lan Peru, Continental, Iberia, Copa, Taca, KLM and others. From Europe there are direct flights from Amsterdam and Madrid. You also have to know that you need a visa and that the Peruvian Embassy will give you one for up to 90 days of staying. At Machu Picchu it is really expensive, a bottle of water can be more than $3, but you can take with you everything you want from the city. The train from Cusco to Aguas Calientes is $23.